Government policies

NEP, 1986

New Economic Policy, 1986 in the implementation of education

1. The introduction of systematic, well planned and rigorously implemented programs of vocational education is crucial in the proposed educational reorganization. These elements are meant to develop a healthy attitude among students towards work and life, to enhance individual
employability, to reduce the mismatch between the demand and supply of skilled manpower, and to provide an alternative for those intending to
pursue higher education without particular interest or purpose. Efforts will be made to provide children at the higher secondary level with generic vocational courses which cut across several occupational fields and which are not occupation specific

2. Vocational Education will also be a distinct stream, intended to prepare students for identified occupations spanning several areas of activity
These courses will ordinarily be provided after the secondary stage, but keeping the scheme flexible, they may also be made available after class

3. Health planning and health service management should optimally interlock with the education and training of appropriate categories of health
manpower through health-related vocational courses. Health education at the primary and middle levels will ensure the commitment of the
individual to family and community health, and lead to health-related vocational courses at the +2 stage of higher secondary education. Efforts
will be made to devise similar vocational courses based on Agriculture, Marketing, Social Services, etc. An emphasis in Vocational education wi
also be on development of attitudes, knowledge, and skills for entrepreneurship and self-employment.

4. The establishment of vocational courses or institutions will be the responsibility of the Government as well as employers in the public and
private sectors; the Government will, however, take special steps to cater to the needs of women, rural and tribal students and the deprived
sections of society Appropriate programmes will also be started for the handicapped

5. Graduates of vocational courses will be given opportunities, under predetermined conditions, for professional growth, career improvement and
lateral entry into courses of general, technical and professional education through appropriate bridge courses.